Fibrocartilage tissue in the knee is comprised of a more varied molecular structure than researchers previously appreciated, according to a new study by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Delaware. Their work informs ways to better treat such injuries as knee meniscus tears - treatment of which are the most common orthopaedic surgery in the United States -- and age-related tissue degeneration, both of which can have significant socioeconomic and quality-of-life costs. The team published their work this week online ahead of print in Nature Materials.
Researchers of this database study discovered significantly higher rates of infection, venous thromboembolism and subsequent reconstruction within 90 days following arthroscopic-assisted anterior ACL reconstruction among patients who used tobacco compared with non-tobacco users.
Greater length of stay, admission costs, long-term complications risks and inpatient facility discharge likelihood was found among patients who underwent total hip or knee arthroplasty with an off-label prosthesis, according to results.
Study supports efficacy of closed reduction, percutaneous fixation of crescent-fracture dislocations
Recently published data highlight the safety and efficacy of closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation for the treatment of crescent fracture-dislocation of the sacroiliac joint and indicate satisfactory function and radiographic outcomes with the procedure.
Using a mobile MRI truck, researchers followed runners for 4,500 kilometers through Europe to study the physical limits and adaptation of athletes over a 64-day period, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
Compared with unilateral total knee arthroplasty, patients who underwent simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty experienced an increased risk of overall complications, according to study results.
A new study, published November 15, in the journal Pain provides information on the trajectories of prescription drug use before and after hip-replacement surgery—total hip arthroplasty (THA), one of the most common types of joint replacement surgery. Hip- replacement surgery is commonly followed by long-term reductions in the use of prescription drugs for pain and insomnia.
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) has released Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) to assist in the treatment and rehabilitation of pediatric patients with osteochondritis dissecans of the femoral condyle, also known as OCDknee.
Management of periprosthetic fractures should be dealt with on a case by case basis, according to a presentation here.
Regardless of whether patients underwent total hip arthroplasty or surface replacement arthroplasty, 40% of young and active patients in this study experienced pain around the hip following surgery.