Investigators of this retrospective study found that for patients with preoperative anemia who underwent total joint arthroplasty, treatment with tranexamic acid and packed red blood cells was significantly less expensive than treatment with either IV iron supplementation or IV erythropoietin.
The use of opioids (narcotic pain medication), often prescribed for chronic musculoskeletal pain, has skyrocketed in recent years with 98 percent of the world's opioid prescriptions filled in North America. Two research studies presented this week at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), link decreased opioid use prior to joint replacement surgery with improved patient satisfaction and outcomes, fewer complications, and a reduced need for post-surgical opioids.
Anesthesiologists can significantly reduce loss of muscle strength in ACL knee surgery patients using a new pain management technique, a new study has found.
Blood loss and the need for a blood transfusion are major concerns in joint replacement surgery, but a new use for an old drug is proving effective in reducing blood loss and transfusion rates, according to a study at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS). The drug, tranexamic acid, or TXA, has been used for decades in heart surgery, to treat hemophilia and to stop excessive uterine bleeding.
Use of Floseal Hemostatic Matrix in total knee arthroplasty safely provided improved control of blood loss and reduced the predicted probability of postoperative blood transfusion, according to study results.
An athlete felt pain in his groin after a collision at the plate with an opposing player. He thought he had pulled a muscle, but it turns out he was suffering from a common condition seen in teens and young adults known as hip impingement.
Patients who received a newer prosthesis similar to the Miller-Galante knee design showed significantly better Knee Society function scores than patients who had a long-used prosthesis to which it was compared. However, the two implants performed about the same at short-term follow-up, according to a presenter.
Total hip arthroplasty performed with first-generation annealed highly cross-linked polyethylene bearings in young, active patients showed 97% survivorship at 10 years and a low revision rate for wear-related failure.
Fibrocartilage tissue in the knee is comprised of a more varied molecular structure than researchers previously appreciated, according to a new study by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Delaware. Their work informs ways to better treat such injuries as knee meniscus tears - treatment of which are the most common orthopaedic surgery in the United States -- and age-related tissue degeneration, both of which can have significant socioeconomic and quality-of-life costs. The team published their work this week online ahead of print in Nature Materials.
Researchers of this database study discovered significantly higher rates of infection, venous thromboembolism and subsequent reconstruction within 90 days following arthroscopic-assisted anterior ACL reconstruction among patients who used tobacco compared with non-tobacco users.